Succession

Succession

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Succession is the act or process of following in order or sequence.

Order of succession, politically, is the ascension to power by one ruler, official, or monarch after the death, resignation, or removal from office of another, usually in a clearly defined order

Succession of states, in international relations, is the process of recognition and acceptance of a newly created state by other states, based on a perceived historical relationship the new state has with a prior state

Among the peerage Succession is the distribution of a ruler’s titles upon his death based on succession method and candidate laws of each title.

Upon a ruler’s death his titles will be distributed to other characters based upon what succession law they use. This is not necessarily the same for each title; multiple titles can follow different succession laws.It should be noted that, typically though not always, only the succession laws of highest titles on the highest tier matter; everything below that will be given out together with the title it is bound to.

For simplicity, the Imperial honor system is referenced. Some systems may use alternate titles. At Consul level and lower, a single succession law covers all of a character’s titles. However if a character holds multiple Arch-duchies or Imperial titles these will each have their own succession law, which may lead to different heirs for each title above Consul.

Imperial Succession Types

  • Gavelkind - Titles distributed between all children.
  • Elective gavelkind — Titles distributed between children and primary heir, who is elected from among the members of the ruling dynasty. Primary titles may be created for younger children if enough of their land is held.
  • Feudal elective — Every major ruler in the realm votes for the heir.
  • Ultimogeniture — Youngest child inherits.
  • Seniority — Oldest dynasty member inherits.
  • Primogeniture — Oldest child inherits.
  • Tanistry — Every titleholders in the realm votes for the heir but must select a dynasty member.

Imperial Eligibility

  • Agnatic — Only males can inherit. Not an uncommon model.
  • Agnatic-Cognatic — Women can only inherit if there are no eligible males. This is the Imperial Standard as it is the case for the Throne of Exijan.
  • Absolute Cognatic — Women inherit on equal terms with men.
  • Enatic-Cognatic — Males can only inherit if there are no eligible women. Rare, but not unheard of.
  • Competency — Only those who can inherit without the aid of a regent may do so. A very rare condition of succession usually spelled out with strict legal age and health requirements. It means that a regent will never rule in place of a title holder.

Changing succession laws

It is VERY DIFFICULT but not impossible to change a succession law. No Imperial ruler has changed a succession law twice in his or her lifetime. So, once it’s changed it cannot be undone.

Failing to change a succession law late in life commonly leads to war.

The requirements, though not legally binding, are strict customs and practicalities.

  • A ruler must be at peace
  • The ruler cannot be a regent
  • The ruler has ruled in the current capacity for 10 years. A count who has ruled for fifteen years before creating, inheriting or being granted a dukedom (or simply changing primary title) will need to wait ten more years after getting the new primary title before being allowed to change succession law.
  • No direct vassal (for counts and consuls) or all direct vassals of count rank or higher (for archdukes and emperors) in the territory affected can openly oppose the change.
  • No direct vassals can be at war with each other.
  • A ruler cannot change both the succession type and the eligibility law.

Succession

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